Pathologizing Identities Paralyzing Bodies

Pathologizing Identities, Paralyzing Bodies: Human Rights Violations Against Gay, Lesbian and Transgender People in Iran

A Report by: Justice for Iran & Iranian Lesbian and Transgender Network (6Rang)
June 2014

6rangThe present report illustrates the impacts of the foregoing treatments on the human rights of lesbian, gay, and transgender people, and analyzes their non-consensual nature against the background of violence and discrimination that shapes the lives of gender and sexual minorities in Iran. This includes the various ways through which lesbian, gay and transgender people are excluded from family homes, denied employment, prevented from going to school, forced to marry, sent to jails and detention centers, sentenced to flogging and execution, and subjected to “street” violence and other physical and verbal attacks in public and private settings.

The report also documents the human rights violations experienced by transgender people as a result of medical requirements imposed on them in order to obtain legal recognition of their gender. In highlighting these requirements, including psychiatric diagnosis, sterilization and genital reassignment surgery, the report underscores the plight of Iranian transgender people forced to forgo some human rights in order to enjoy others. The alternatives are stark. Obtain identification documents reflecting their gender expression and identity or preserve their physical and mental health by refusing to undergo sex reassignment surgeries. The former option may require transgender people to potentially harm their bodies through medical surgeries that are frequently performed in a reckless and substandard fashion, while the latter option will expose them to lack of legal recognition; arbitrary deprivations of liberty; torture and other ill-treatment; and widespread discrimination in areas such as employment, education and access to goods and services.

Full Report: Pathologizing Identities, Paralyzing Bodies

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